Emergency Response - Pipeline SMS

Emergency Response Management System

Mission and Objectives

The goal of all operators is to conduct an efficient and safe emergency response in the event of an incident or spill. The guidance in API Recommended Practice (RP) 1174, Onshore Hazardous Liquid Pipeline Emergency Preparedness & Response, provides a framework for an effective emergency response, ensuring a response is carried out safely and help reduce potential environmental impacts through enhanced efficiency: It consists of six fundamental steps:

  1. Statements of the system’s policies and objectives
  2. Documented procedures
  3. Documents, records, and job aids
  4. Identification of legal and other applicable emergency response requirements
  5. Processes intended to ensure continuity and promote system improvement
  6. Measure goals and objectives

This Recommend Practice (RP) is intended to align industry, government, and emergency response organizations’ expectations practices, and competencies. In addition this RP will promote safe, timely, and effective response to incidents.

Guiding Principles

There are several key parts within API RP 1174:

  • Planning: The operator should develop Response Plans to address the response to a release, incorporate a risk-based approach for emergency response planning, and identify the roles and responsibilities of its emergency responders in accordance with NIMS Incident Command System (ICS).
  • Emergency Procedures: The operator should establish emergency response procedures that ensure the ability to communicate promptly, respond quickly to the emergency, mitigate risks, and protect people and the environment. There are three initial Emergency Response Phases: Phase 1 discovery, shutdown, and notification, phase 2 resource mobilization, and phase 3 initial response actions.
  • Training Exercises: The operator should develop a training and exercise program for emergencies that follow National Preparedness for Response Exercise Program (PREP) Guidelines, and NIMS Incident Command System (ICS). Additionally, operators should participate in annual Incident Management Team (IMT) exercises.
  • RESPONSE: The operator should develop Response Plans that has consistency with the National Contingency Plan (NCP), Area Contingency Plans (ACPs), and complies with the National Incident Management System (NIMS). The operator should initially over respond to the incident and scale the response as additional information about the nature of the incident is gathered.
  • NIMS Incident Command System (ICS): The operator should use NIMS Incident Command System (ICS). ICS Provides an organization and management structure for an emergency response that allow for the unity of command, common terminology, optimal span of control, flexible and modular organization, and management by objectives.
  • Relevant Documents

    Plan-Do-Check-Act Cycle

    The Plan-Do-Check-Act (PDCA) cycle is a four-step model for implementing change. Click to enlarge

    1174 PDCA